As current educators, we wish that all students want to learn. Many students are not motivated to learn for learning. Students are motivated by extrinsic motivations. The key to building students’ intrinsic motivation is bridging students’ extrinsic motivation to encourage students to build their intrinsic motivations subconsciously.
Skinner’s Positive and Negative Reinforcement and Punishment
Promote Positive Behaviors
- Positive Reinforcement
- Give something that students desire/want (good grades, rewards, recognition) to encourage students to repeat the good behaviors.
- Negative Reinforcement
- Take away something that students don’t like (homework, chores, quiz), so students are on their best behaviors. For example, don’t give students a quiz if they are on task.
Decrease Negative Behaviors
- Positive Punishment
- Give something that students don’t like (lunch detention, more work, parent call), so students stop the bad behaviors.
- Negative Punishment
- Take away something that students like (phones, Chromebooks, games), so students learn their mistakes and stop the bad behaviors.
Skinner’s behavioral theory explain how to encourage positive behaviors and discourage negative behaviors. However, teachers do not have the tool to apply Skinner’s finding. We invented Safe Pouch to provide teachers the tool that have immediate impact on students’ behaviors by targeting students’ addiction to cellphones.