Simplify Fractions


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What Does it Mean to Simplify Fractions?

Simplifying a fraction means reducing it to its simplest form where the numerator (top number) and the denominator (bottom number) are as small as possible. This is done by finding a number that both the numerator and denominator can be divided by evenly (a common factor) and dividing them by this number.

Steps to Simplify Fractions

  1. Find the Greatest Common Factor (GCF): Look for the largest number that divides both the numerator and the denominator without leaving a remainder.
  2. Divide Both Numbers by the GCF: Divide the numerator and the denominator by this number to simplify the fraction.
  3. Check Your Fraction: Ensure that there’s no smaller number (other than 1) that can divide both the numerator and denominator.

Real-life Examples

  1. Pizza Slices: Imagine you have a pizza cut into 8 slices, and you ate 6 of them. The fraction representing the pizza you ate is 68. To simplify this, find the GCF of 6 and 8, which is 2. Divide both the numerator (6) and the denominator (8) by 2. So, 68 simplifies to 34. You ate three-quarters of the pizza.
  2. Candy Bars: Suppose you and your friend have 12 candy bars, and you decide to share them equally. You get 4, and your friend gets 8. Your share is represented by 412. The GCF of 4 and 12 is 4. Divide both 4 and 12 by 4, and 412 simplifies to 13. You have one-third of the total candy bars.

Example of Simplifying a Fraction

Let’s simplify 1824:

  • The GCF of 18 and 24 is 6.
  • Divide both 18 and 24 by 6: 18÷624÷6=34.
  • So, 1824 simplifies to 34.

Why Simplify Fractions?

Simplifying fractions makes them easier to understand and work with, especially in calculations and comparisons. It’s a way of expressing the same amount in a simpler form.

Tips for Simplifying Fractions

  • Practice Finding the GCF: The more you practice, the quicker you’ll find the GCF.
  • Double Check Your Work: Make sure the simplified fraction can’t be reduced further.
  • Use Real-life Scenarios: Like sharing food or items, to make understanding fractions more practical.


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