SPRING SALE UP TO 65% OFF -- END 4/01/2023
Functions of Organelles
Win Elements LLC doesn’t own the audio and picture. The credits go to the respective owners.
Fair use :
Copyright Disclaimer under section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, education, and research. If you believe the work is copyrighted, please get in touch with us to remove it.
- Download the file above by downloading from the link.
- Right-click on the folder and select Extract all.
- Go to your course. Then, lick More to click Content bank
- Click upload. Then, click, hold, and drag the file to the upload zone.
- Click More to click Rename. Delete the old name letter by letter, but do NOT delete the .hp5 part.
- Click Rename to save the change.
- Click Exit to go back to your course to create your activity.
Biology_ Cell Structure I Nucleus Medical Media
The video transcript is created and provided by Win Elements LLC for your convenience.
[00:00:00] Cells are the smallest living units of an organism. All cells have three things in common, no matter what type of cell they are. All cells have a cell. Which separates the inside of the cell from its environment. Cytoplasm, which is a jelly-like fluid, and DNA, which is the cell’s genetic material. There are two broad categories of cells.
The first category is eukaryotic cells. They have organelles, which include the nucleus and other special parts. Eukaryotic cells are more advanced complex cells, such as those found in plants and animals. The second category is [00:01:00] protic cells. They don’t have a nucleus or membrane-enclosed organs. They do have genetic material, but it’s not contained within a nucleus.
Protic cells are always one-cell or unicellular organisms, such as bacteria.
So what are organelles? Organelle means little organ organelles are the specialized parts of a cell that have unique jobs to perform. Let’s start with the nucleus, the control center of the cell. The nucleus contains DNA. Or genetic material DNA dictates what the cell is going to do and how it’s going to do it.
Chromatin is the tangled, spread-out form of DNA N found inside the nuclear membrane. When a cell is ready to divide, DNA n condenses [00:02:00] into structures known as chromosomes.
The nucleus also contains a nucleus, which is a structure where ribosomes are made.
After ribosomes leave the nucleus, they will have the important job of synthesizing or making proteins
outside the nucleus. The ribosomes and the rest of the organelles float around in cytoplasm, which is a jelly-like substance. Ribosomes may wander freely within the cytoplasm or attach to the endoplasmic reticulum, sometimes abbreviated as er. There are two types of er rough er has ribosomes attached to it, and smooth ER doesn’t have ribosomes attached.[00:03:00]
The endoplasmic reticulum is a membrane-enclosed passageway for transporting materials such as the proteins synthesized by ribosomes proteins and other materials that emerge from the endoplasmic reticulum in small vesicles where the Golgi apparatus, sometimes called the Golgi body, receives. As proteins move through the Golgi body, they’re customized into forms the cell can use.
The GOGI body does this by folding the proteins into usable shapes or adding other materials onto them. Such as lipids or carbohydrates.
Vacuoles are sack-like structures that store different materials. Here in this plant cell, the central vacuole stores water.[00:04:00]
Going back to the animal cell, you’ll see an organelle. Lysosomes are the garbage collectors that take in damaged or worn-out cell parts. They are filled with enzymes that break down this cellular debris. The mitochondria is an organ hell that is the powerhouse for both. Animal and plant cells.
During a process called cellular respiration, the mitochondria make ATP molecules that provide the energy for all of the cells, and through activities, cells that need more energy have more mitochondria.
Meanwhile, the cell maintains its shape through a cytoplasm. The cytoskeleton includes thread-like microfilaments, which are made of protein, and [00:05:00] microtubules, which are thin hollow tubes. Some organisms, such as plants, are photo autotrophic, meaning they capture sunlight for.
Have cells with an organelle called a chloroplast. The chloroplast is where photosynthesis happens. It’s green because it has a green pigment called chlorophyll.
Plant cells also have a cell wall outside of their cell membrane. That shape supports and protects the plant. Cell animal cells never have a cell wall. There are many other unique structures that only some cells have. Here are just a few. In humans, for example, the respiratory tract is lined with cells that have.
Celia. These are microscopic hair-like projections that can [00:06:00] move in waves. This feature helps trap inhaled particles in the air and expels them when you cough.
Another unique feature in some cells is flagella. Some bacteria have flagella. A flagellum is like a little tail. It can help a cell move or propel itself. The only human cell that has flagella is the sperm cell. In summary, remember, eukaryotic cells are plant and animal cells with a nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles.
While protic cells are unicellular organisms without these things, all cells have a cell membrane, cytoplasm, and genetic material. And even though only plant cells have chloroplast, [00:07:00] both plant and animal cells have mitochondria.